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Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030

The present post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction was adopted at the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, held from 14 to 18 March 2015 in Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.

Download this file (Sendai_Framework_for_Disaster_Risk_Reduction_2015-2030.pdf)Sendai Framework[ ]531 kB

Deforestation Drivers and Human Rights in Malaysia

Carol Yong, SACCESS and JKOASM 

4 December, 2014 

Deforestation and forest degradation in Malaysia is a complex phenomenon with varying causes. So far, however, the focus has been largely on direct causes like industrial logging, large-scale commercial oil palm plantations and agribusiness, road construction and large dams. Far less attention has been paid to the indirect or underlying causes and agents, inter-linking and working to enrich the very few while creating hardships for many people as a result of degraded or diminished resources.

Major agents of deforestation include commercial loggers, commercial oil palm and other tree planters, infrastructure developers or governmental and developmental agencies. As community forests are plundered and forests are cleared, local sustainable customary land use systems are confined to reduced areas of forest land threatening their sustainability. This has had harmful effects on communities’ access to forest resources, consequently causing hardship and poverty.

This report is one of several commissioned case studies of the FPP’s Rights, Forests and Climate Project. It examines the combinations of direct and underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation in Malaysia, and supports the convening of a global workshop to analyse these problems and develop solutions to the crisis.

This case study report has three parts:

  • Part 1 gives an overview of the status of Malaysia’s forests today.
  • Part 2 explores what is happening on-the-ground through fieldwork in two different geographical locations: a Penan community in Middle Baram  in Sarawak and an Orang Asli community in Labu, Negeri Sembilan in Peninsular Malaysia.
  • Part 3 presents some lessons learned as well as community initiatives, solutions and recommendations.

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Source: Forest Peoples Programme


January 20, 2015

The ongoing global conversation to define the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda is a historic opportunity to end poverty and improve the livelihoods of the poorest and most marginalized women and men in the world.

Governments have already made strong recommendations through the July 2014 Outcome Document of the UN Open Working Group (OWG). As organizations working on food security, natural resources management and poverty eradication, we strongly encourage them to keep the profile of land and natural resources high in the document to be endorsed in September 2015. Secure and equitable land rights, particularly for those living in poverty and using and managing ecosystems, are an essential element of an Agenda that has the ambition to be people-centred and planet-sensitive.

We recall the international consensus governments have already reached on this subject, particularly with the 2012 Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests, agreed by 193 countries. We embrace and are guided by the principle of leaving no one behind, as recently stressed by the UN Secretary General’s report “The Road to Dignity by 2030”.

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Source: Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI)

Looking for Leadership: New Inspiration and Momentum Amidst Crises

2014 was a year in which many citizens around the world lost hope and trust in conventional leaders’ abilities to solve national and global challenges. Governments were increasingly polarized—and seemingly paralyzed—in the face of growing inequality and entrenched poverty; environmental agencies watered down social and environmental regulations to attract more international investments despite the growing social and political unrest over land grabs; murders of environmental and land rights activists rose across the globe; the World Bank proposed weakening its social and environmental safeguards, forfeiting 40 years of leadership and rushing the sale of carbon, placing communities’ rights at risk; and the UNFCCC negotiators in Lima once again failed to reach an agreement that addresses the climate crisis. The credibility of the world’s conventional leaders and institutions, which were set up to advance development, democracy, and human rights, crumbled and crashed in 2014. The world and its millions of local and marginalized people urgently need better.

Fortunately, 2014 was also a year in which new, often surprising leadership emerged amidst the wreckage and began to offer inspiration and solutions at scale. From Canada to Papua New Guinea, courts upheld constitutional and international commitments to respect local communities’ and Indigenous Peoples’ land rights, showing that judicial systems are increasingly beacons of hope for all who care about secure property rights.

Also showing leadership were certain enlightened corporations, which recognized the legitimacy of local rights and the need to find common ground with the true owners of the resources they need. Likewise, development donors made new and unprecedented financial commitments to support the recognition of forestland rights.

Driving all of these shifts were stronger and more effective community and indigenous organizations, whose key role in protecting their forests from destruction and climate change seems to have been finally recognized. All told, despite the tragic murders of many community leaders and an increase in local conflict, the events of 2014 brought new momentum for securing land rights and protecting the world’s forests—a welcome change after years of slowdown in the recognition of local rights.

The big questions for 2015 will be: can these unconventional leaders catalyze action on climate change, the widespread recognition of indigenous and community forest land rights, and the implementation of rights-respecting business models? Will conventional leaders join in this momentum, spurring governments like Indonesia, Peru, and those in Central Africa to deliver on their commitments to advance tenure reform? And finally, will the World Bank, which has the chance to reverse course in 2015, choose to maintain its safeguards, protect communities and Indigenous Peoples’ rights to carbon, and become a preferred ally of local peoples?

2015 is potentially a pivotal year for the world to finally fully respect the rights of forest peoples. And in doing so, protect the future for us all.

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Source: Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI)

No Consent to Proceed: Indigenous Peoples' Rights Violations At the Proposed Baram Dam in Sarawak

Written by: Tanya Lee, Thomas Jalong & Wong Meng-Chuo

Endorsed by:Jaringan Orang Asal SeMalaysia (JOAS), Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM), Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP), Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA), Bruno Manser Fund & International Rivers


Download this file (no_consent_to_proceed_baram_report2014.pdf)A Fact Finding Mission Report[ ]13820 kB
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