Managing Agrodiversity in Rural Area

<!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:"Angsana New"; panose-1:2 2 6 3 5 4 5 2 3 4; mso-font-charset:222; mso-generic-font-family:roman; mso-font-format:other; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:16777217 0 0 0 65536 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin:0in; margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Angsana New"; mso-bidi-language:TH;} @page Section1 {size:8.5in 11.0in; margin:1.0in 1.25in 1.0in 1.25in; mso-header-margin:.5in; mso-footer-margin:.5in; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> <!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:"Angsana New"; panose-1:2 2 6 3 5 4 5 2 3 4; mso-font-charset:222; mso-generic-font-family:roman; mso-font-format:other; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:16777217 0 0 0 65536 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin:0in; margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size:14.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Angsana New"; mso-bidi-language:TH;} @page Section1 {size:8.5in 11.0in; margin:1.0in 1.25in 1.0in 1.25in; mso-header-margin:.5in; mso-footer-margin:.5in; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> The 1992 Rio de Janeiro UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) set the stage for a new debate on the utilization of the natural life-support systems of our planet. While in the 1970s and 1980s environmental protection emerged as a major issue in society, in the 1990s the adoption of Agenda 21 and of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) focused attention on the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources and the requisite legal framework conditions.

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On-Farm Conservation of Agrobiodiversity in Israel Challenges and Case Study: Restoring Ancient Wheat

Abstract

Landrace seed is the living embodiment of a plant population's evolutionary and adaptive history, an ark of traits born across generations into our hands. It is the expression of species interaction of the plant in its environment and the human culture that shapes it. The land of Israel, in the southern arch of the Fertile Crescent, is a center of biodiversity for important world grain, fruit and vegetables that include: almonds, artichoke, arugula, barley, beet/chard, celery, chickpea, date, emmer, fig, flax, lentil, lettuce, melon, mustard, olive, pea, radish, and wheat. Our landraces have evolved over millennia of natural and farmer selection to be well adapted to local conditions and carry wide genetic diversity. However, recently genetic management has shifted to the hands of industry breeders - but with hidden costs.

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