Report Of The Sixth Meeting Of The Ad Hoc Open-Ended Inter-Sessional Working Group On Article 8(J) And Related Provisions Of The Convention On Biological Diversity


A. Background

1. The Ad Hoc Open-ended Inter-Sessional Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity was established by decision IV/9 of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. It held its first meeting in Seville, Spain, from 27 to 31 March 2000, and its second and third meetings in Montreal, from 4 to 8 February 2002, and from 8 to 12 December 2003, respectively. The fourth meeting was held in Granada, Spain, at the kind invitation of the Government of the Kingdom of Spain, from 23 to 27 January 2006, while the fifth meeting was held in Montreal, from 15 to 19 October 2008. In paragraph 5 of its decision IX/13 A, the Conference of the Parties decided that an additional meeting of the Working Group should be organized prior to the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties. Accordingly, the sixth meeting of the Working Group was held from 2 to 6 November 2009, in Montreal, at the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), back-to-back with the eighth meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Access and Benefit-sharing.

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Biodiversity Loss—It Will Make You Sick

Biodiversity Loss—It Will Make You Sick

‘Sustaining Life’ Identifies Huge Losses to Medical Science from the Decline and

Extinction of the World’s Nature-Based Assets

Montreal/Nairobi, 24 April— A new generation of antibiotics, new treatments for thinning bone disease and kidney failure, and new cancer treatments may all stand to be lost unless the world acts to reverse the present alarming rate of biodiversity loss a new landmark book says.

The natural world holds secrets to the development of new kinds of safer and more powerful pain-killers; treatments for a leading cause of blindness-- macular degeneration-- and possibly ways of re-growing lost tissues and organs by, for example studying newts and salamanders.

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Climate Change and Agrobiodiversity in Nepal: Opportunities to include agrobiodiversity maintenance to support Nepal’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)


Climate change is becoming one of the major environmental issues in Nepal. There is evidence that climate change is already affecting the biodiversity and weakening the livelihood assets of poor and marginalised communities. Despite this climate change has been largely left out of the Nepal Environment Policy and Action Plan. The existing government policy on the agriculture sector also takes no systematic account of the anticipated impact of climate change. The preparation of the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) is the first official initiative to mainstream adaptation into national policies and actions so as to address the adverse impacts of climate change and reduce vulnerability to changing climate and extreme events. The Ministry of Environment signed the contract in November 2008 with UNDP to officially start the NAPA formulation process in Nepal. The Ministry is planning to complete the NAPA by April 2010 with some good progress in terms of initial understanding on vulnerability context and identify preliminary sectoral issues through the mobilization of thematic working groups.

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Agrobiodiversity and Climate Change - A complex relationship

Planet Earth is rich. It has many millions of species, plants, animals and micro-organisms. But biological diversity is being eroded, and species are becoming extinct at an alarming rates. The loss of biological diversity jeopardises the whole of mankind. this is especially true of the decline in agrobiodiversity, which is the resource base for our food.

Climate Change - a threat to food security

The implications of climate change for agriculture have opened a new window in the discussion of agrobiodiversity. Environmental change is on of many factors reducing the diversity of crops and livestock. Five climate change-related facctors can be identified: the rise in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, the rise of sea levels, higher incidence of extreme weather events and the increase of greenhouse gases - especially carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

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Agro-biodiversity use and market development contributing to food and livelihood security-Phase II


Cambodia is one amongst the region to implement this project. The Project was implemented in a selected number of rice-based farming systems in Indonesia, Cambodia, and the Philippines, building on the successful experiences gained from the farmer field school approach in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Southeast Asia. The project is a follow-up of and builds on earlier efforts in the same regions. The overall objective of the Project is to strengthen and mainstream on-farm management of genetic resources through participatory action research with farmers and capacity building activities with a focus on market development, and to provide policy advice in the international debate on farmers’ rights. Market development is regarded as a crucial component of on-farm management of agro-biodiversity in order to contribute to the livelihoods of local communities and the sustainability of local efforts in agrobiodiversity management.

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