ASEAN Multi-Sectoral Framework On Climate Change: Agriculture And Forestry Towards Food Security

The issue

Climate change already affects Southeast Asia, amongst others through the increase in frequency and intensity of extreme weather such as droughts, floods and tropical cyclones .

“Southeast Asia is one of the world’s most vulnerable regions to climate change, due to its long coastlines, high concentration of population and economic activity in coastal areas, and heavy reliance on agriculture, fisheries, forestry and other natural resources” . Consequences will be, amongst others, health risks, including spreading of pests and diseases and higher incidence of invasive species, water shortages, forest fires, loss of biodiversity, coastal degradation and loss of land, and constrained agricultural production. Climate change will thus threaten  food security  in the region with its dimensions food availability, food accessibility, food utilization and stability, and thus impact the economic development , as also recognized by Heads of State and Governments of ASEAN, Australia, People’s Republic of China, Republic of India, Japan, Republic of Korea and New Zealand. in their Singapore Declaration on Climate Change, Energy and Environment on the occasion of the Third East Asia Summit (EAS) in Singapore on November 21, 2007. The threat of climate change to environment and economic development was also noted with concern by the ASEAN Heads of State in their ASEAN Declaration on Environmental Sustainability on November 20, 2007 in Singapore.  This threat will be further exacerbated by additional food and energy requirements of an increased population. Natural disasters will have trans-boundary effects, and disease vectors may also move between countries. Possible impacts of climate change on agriculture and food security at local and national levels will not only hinder sustainable development, but may also lead to conflicts over the use of land and water resources to internal and regional migration of people, with possible threats to the regional security.

Read More

World Summit on Food Security, Declaration Of The World Summit On Food Security

We, the Heads of State and Government, or our Representatives and the Representative of the European Community have assembled in Rome at the World Summit on Food Security to take urgent action to eradicate hunger from the world.

1. In adopting this declaration we agree to undertake all necessary actions required at national, regional and global levels and by all States and Governments to halt immediately the increase in – and to significantly reduce – the number of people suffering from hunger, malnutrition and food insecurity. We will reinforce all our efforts to meet by 2015 the targets of Millennium Development Goal 1 and the World Food Summits. We commit to take action towards sustainably eradicating hunger at the earliest possible date.

Read More

Changing Agricultural Environment And Food Security in Southest Asia


Along with Southeast Asia's economic growth, its population is increasing rapidly, on the other extreme, arable land is decreasing at the same rate. Irrigation and fertilizer consumption for higher agricultural productions is reaching its limit. Moreover, forested areas are decreasing due to the building of man-made environments, which has a negative impact on agricultural production. As a result, Southeast Asia is facing overall food deficit, which is a driving force of their agricultural product import and uncertainty in food security. Thus, it is crucial issue to develop specific and innovative methods for sustainable agricultural development. This paper focuses on the Changed agricultural situation and its consequences on regional food security. Issues and policy implications are also explored.

Read More

Issues in Food Security, Climate Change and Food Security

Issue: Global warming is likely to reduce agricultural production in the Tropics, where many developing countries are located. Policy options that could help farmers adapt to changing climates include encouraging agronomic research, providing irrigation or increasing its efficiency, maintaining or improving flood control, and facilitating human migration. Despite recent advances in analyzing the economic impacts of global warming, however, information about climatic threats to food security in developing countries is still extremely limited.

Read More

An Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Food Security


Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. - 1996 World Food Summit

From this definition, four main dimensions of food security can be identified:

Physical AVAILABILITY of food

Food availability addresses the “supply side” of food security and is determined by the level of food production, stock levels and net trade.

Economic and physical ACCESS to food

An adequate supply of food at the national or international level does not in itself guarantee household level food security. Concerns about insufficient food access have resulted in a greater policy focus on incomes, expenditure, markets and prices in achieving food security objectives.


Utilization is commonly understood as the way the body makes the most of various nutrients in the food. Sufficient energy and nutrient intake by individuals is the result of good care and feeding practices, food preparation, diversity of the diet and intra-household distribution of food. Combined with good biological utilization of food consumed, this determines the nutritional status of individuals.

STABILITY of the other three dimensions over time

Even if your food intake is adequate today, you are still considered to be food insecure if you have inadequate access to food on a periodic basis, risking a deterioration of your nutritional status. Adverse weather conditions, political instability, or economic factors (unemployment, rising food prices) may have an impact on your food security status. For food security objectives to be realized, all four dimensions must be fulfilled simultaneously.

Read More

You are here: Home Key Issues Food Security