A Briefing Paper on “The Impacts of Land Dispossession on Indigenous Women”

The new briefing paper of AIPP highlights how indigenous women are grappling with the consequences of their resistance against development aggressions such as large-scale rubber and palm oil plantations and mining in their lands. It also reflects their efforts and courage to analyze their situation, articulate this and finding their means to sustain and advance the advocacy of recognition, protection and fulfillment of their rights.

This briefing paper is an outcome of the project “Strengthening the Documentation and Advocacy Capacity of Indigenous Women for Advancement of their Rights and Welfare on Land” implemented in Cambodia, India and Indonesia in 2013-2014.

Training Manual for Indigenous Peoples on Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC)

Indigenous peoples today are faced with numerous challenges as their lands, territories and resources are targeted for exploitation by corporations, governments and other external entities. Indigenous peoples all over the world increasingly have to contend with business interests wanting to tap into the last reserves of the world’s natural resources and biological diversity, which indigenous peoples have protected and nurtured for many generations. Through their traditional and sustainable development practices, indigenous peoples were able to maintain their ancestral domains for their own survival and for the sake of future generations. However, corporations have come in the name of “development”, to extract and exploit these resources on a large scale, and in the process displacing and desecrating indigenous communities, violating indigenous peoples’ rights and depriving them of their means of survival.

Read more: Training Manual for Indigenous Peoples on Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC)

Non-Carbon Benefits in REDD+: Indigenous Peoples Perspectives and Recommendations

The Nineteenth Conference of Parties (COP 19) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) recognized the importance of incentivizing Non-Carbon Benefits (NCB) for the long-term sustainability of the implementation of REDD+ activities1. This decision has long-term implications for indigenous peoples in Asia especially in relation to the recognition and exercise of their collective rights over their forests.

Asia is home to two-thirds of the world’s estimated 350-400 million indigenous peoples. More than 150 million of them are found in the 12 REDD+ countries in Asia namely Indonesia, Nepal, Vietnam, Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaysia and Bangladesh. These countries are implementing REDD+ in partnership with the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility and Forest Investment Programme of the World Bank and the UN-REDD Programme through support for their national REDD+ Programmes. All these REDD+ countries, except for Bhutan and Bangladesh, have adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). Despite this, most states in Asia do not recognize indigenous peoples and their collective rights, especially to their land, territories and resources.

Download this file (Briefing Paper for NCBs for web.pdf)English[ ]888 kB
Download this file (Briefing Paper for NCBs-Viet.pdf)Vietnamese[ ]2728 kB

Indigenous Women in REDD+: Making Their Voice Heard

Women – both indigenous and non-indigenous – have actively engaged in international and national REDD+ processes to raise their concerns regarding the potential negative impact of REDD+ on women, and to assert their right to equally participate in negotiations, planning and implementation of REDD+.

Indigenous women share many of the basic concerns and needs with their non-indigenous sisters but their situation as women in indigenous societies sets them apart from those who are part of the mainstream society, and their needs and concerns are often different. Their concerns may thus not be fully addressed, either by indigenous rights advocacy or by women’s rights and gender advocacy. In advocating for the rights of indigenous peoples and for the rights of women, the specific situation and needs of indigenous women therefore need to be taken into account.

Safeguards Information System (SIS) in REDD+: What Should It Deliver for Indigenous Peoples

The decision of the Nineteenth Conference of Parties (COP 19) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) requires that the Parties submit the most recent summary of information on how all social and environmental safeguards have been addressed and respected in order to be able to access results-based finance. However, it does not provide clarity on how effectively and to what extent these safeguards should be addressed. It also lacks information on ways to redress potential violation of indigenous peoples’ rights resulting from REDD+ activities. In the upcoming 41st session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Techno- logical Advice (SBSTA) at COP 20 in Lima, Peru, it is therefore vital that the Parties strengthen the global requirements on protecting the rights of indigenous peoples by anchoring the Safeguards Information System (SIS) to the international standards on human rights and indigenous peoples’ rights, such as the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and conventions relevant to indigenous peoples. Further, the 41st session of SBSTA should come out with a rights-based global guidance for REDD+ countries to design Safeguard Information Systems and to implement, monitor and report on REDD+ safeguards, with the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities.



Download this file (Briefing_Paper_SIS for web.pdf)English[ ]560 kB
Download this file (Briefing_Paper_SIS-Viet.pdf)Vietnamese[ ]1446 kB
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