Climate Change and Agrobiodiversity in Nepal: Opportunities to include agrobiodiversity maintenance to support Nepal’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)

Summary

Climate change is becoming one of the major environmental issues in Nepal. There is evidence that climate change is already affecting the biodiversity and weakening the livelihood assets of poor and marginalised communities. Despite this climate change has been largely left out of the Nepal Environment Policy and Action Plan. The existing government policy on the agriculture sector also takes no systematic account of the anticipated impact of climate change. The preparation of the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) is the first official initiative to mainstream adaptation into national policies and actions so as to address the adverse impacts of climate change and reduce vulnerability to changing climate and extreme events. The Ministry of Environment signed the contract in November 2008 with UNDP to officially start the NAPA formulation process in Nepal. The Ministry is planning to complete the NAPA by April 2010 with some good progress in terms of initial understanding on vulnerability context and identify preliminary sectoral issues through the mobilization of thematic working groups.

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