What Is Agrobiodiversity?

Agrobiodiversity is the result of natural selection processes and the careful selection and inventive developments of farmers, herders and fishers over millennia. Agrobiodiversity is a vital sub-set of biodiversity. Many people’s food and livelihood security depend on the sustained management of various biological resources that are important for food and agriculture. Agricultural biodiversity, also known as agrobiodiversity or the genetic resources for food and agriculture, includes:

  • Harvested crop varieties, livestock breeds, fish species and non domesticated (wild) resources within field, forest, rangeland including tree products, wild animals hunted for food and in aquatic ecosystems (e.g. wild fish);
  • Non-harvested species in production ecosystems that support food provision, including soil micro-biota,pollinators and other insects such as bees, butterflies, earthworms, greenflies; and
  • Non-harvested species in the wider environment that support food production ecosystems (agricultural,pastoral, forest and aquatic ecosystems).

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