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FPIC for REDD+ in the Asia Pacific region: Lessons learned, challenges and recommendations

 Executive summary

The interpretation and application of the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) is still evolving and continues to present both opportunities and challenges for those developing countries who are preparing to engage with REDD+. Given that many countries are still at a very early stage of understanding what FPIC is and how it can be integrated into their national REDD+ strategies, it is timely for countries to share their experiences with one another in order to facilitate learning on FPIC. 

The main purpose of this Report is to share some recent lessons learned on FPIC for REDD+, based on the emerging experiences of the UN-REDD Programme partner countries in the Asia-Pacific region. The Report draws significantly on the proceedings of the Second UN-REDD Programme Regional Workshop on FPIC Shared Learning. This workshop, held in Bogor, Indonesia, from 19 20 April 2012, was attended by nearly 80 participants, drawn from 14 partner countries across the Asia- Pacific region and 2 partner countries from the Latin America and Caribbean region.  

Section 1 of the Report contains an overview of the status of FPIC activities in the UN-REDD Programme countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Of these countries, two have direct experience with piloting FPIC processes: Indonesia (in Central Sulawesi province) and Viet Nam (in Lam Dong province). Section 2 provides a description of some of the lessons learned from these two pilots. 

Section 3 identifies some observations concerning these early attempts of countries to develop national or sub-national FPIC guidelines, and provides a suggested process for countries to follow.

Section 4 contains some of the lessons emerging from early attempts to operationalize FPIC in REDD+. It also contains some observations from discussions during the FPIC Workshop in Bogor, such as how to explain REDD+ to low literacy communities, the importance of documenting the whole FPIC process, and the need for effective grievance mechanisms.

Some future opportunities and challenges for REDD+ are identified in section 5, such as the need for countries to develop FPIC processes for policies, programmes and planning-approaches, and not only for projects.

The Report concludes (section 6) with three recommendations for future action on FPIC by the UN- REDD Programme, namely:

  • To develop an FPIC toolbox
  • To make targeted assistance available to help countries develop their FPIC processes
  • To develop the business case for FPIC.

Source: UN-REDD Programme

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